Vatican City Country in Europe – Vatican City Tourism and Travel Guide

Geography of Vatican City


Between them. Pope Nicholas V started work on the Apostolic Palace in 1450, and the palace is still considered the permanent residence of his later heirs, and the Vatican Library is built with books in Pope Nicholas’ collection.

In 1480, under the supervision of Pope XIV, Sistine Chapel’s frescoes were started by the famous artists Batechelli and Perugino. Then, during the Renaissance of the Renaissance in 1503, Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo, the famous and immortal artist, to modernize the Sistine Chapel and the entire Vatican. At the same time, Donate Bramante was given the task of demolishing the 1,200-year-old and dilapidated Saint Peter’s Basilica and working on the same design. Michelangelo himself assisted Bramante in this task when Pope Julius II died.

Construction of the famous round dome of the Vatican began in 1590 by Giaccarmo del Potra and was completed in 1827. Prior to the construction of the Basilica of Our Lady of Yamasukro in Ivory Coast in 1989, St. Peter’s Square was 452 feet long and covered 5.7 acres, making it the largest and most famous Catholic church in the world. Until the 180’s, the Vatican and its environs were known as the Pope’s State. But that year the Italian government declared all territory outside the walled Vatican as government property. This announcement sparked a conflict between the secular government and the church for the next 60 years.

Finally, in February 1929, the years-long feud between the pope and the Italian government came to an end. Pope Pius XI, elected from among the Catholics, and Benito Mussolini, on behalf of the Italian King Victor Emanuel III, came to negotiate a compromise. Cardinal Pietro Gaspari was fully responsible for this agreement. The Lateran Treaty established the Vatican as an independent and sovereign state. However, demands from papal states other than the Vatican have to be withdrawn. Of course, the Italian government also paid compensation for that.

The Vatican emerged as an independent state through that Latin Treaty. Was established as the Pope’s own homeland and began to serve as the world headquarters of the Catholic Church to Catholic Christians around the world. The history of the Vatican is not a one-day history; This country has developed over time. The Vatican City has become a pilgrimage site for Catholics around the world, embracing sanctity and tradition.

Vatican City is the only and last populous state in the world. Also known as The Holy Sea or Cita del Vaticano in Italian, the country covers an area of about 110 acres or 0.44 square kilometers. Surrounded by a 2-mile border, the country owns about 160 acres of land in extremely remote areas. To the southeast, St. Peter’s Square (Piazza San Pietro) is surrounded by a medieval-style and Renaissance wall boundary. Three of the six entrances দ the Piazza, the Arch of the Bell (Arco del Companion), which is basically the front of St. Peter’s Basilica, and the Vatican museums and galleries on the north wall are wide open to the public.

The Vatican Palace, or Vatican Palace, located within the city walls, is basically the residence of the Pope. The pope is not only the Catholic clergyman, but also the head of state in Vatican City. However, the election of the head of state of the Vatican and the pope also has its own special and tradition. This whole process of electing a pope is called a conclave. In Latin, the word means closed room. And cardinals and bishops have no contact with the outside world during the election of the pope; Even the Sistine Chapel, chosen for the conclave, was sealed nationally with two iron chains hanging from the back, leaving everyone inside. Until a new pope is elected, serious physical illness and death will be able to get them out of that chamber.

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